The advancement and continued developments of third-party assisted reproductive medical practices has allowed many prospective parents, regardless of their marital status, age, or sexual orientation, to have a new opportunity for genetically or biologically connected children. With these developments come a number of rather complex ethical issues and ongoing discussions regarding assisted reproduction within our society today. These issues include the use of reproductive drugs, gestational services such as surrogacy as well as the rights of those seeking these drugs and services and the responsibilities of the professionals who offer and practice these services.
One of these ethical issues is regarding the use of fertility drugs. These
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There are numerous examples offered showing women who refused to abort some of the fetuses and all the babies have died or born with severe disabilities including cerebral palsy, or blindness, retardation, or developmentally slow at the very least. The real ethical issue here does not lie on the use of fertility drugs alone but more so the expense at which one should go to have a child. Is it ethical for parents and practitioners to allow multiple births at such a high risk for birth defects and possible death without considering the life the child will be forced to live if born with these defects and the parents who will be forced to care for them.
One of the more controversial forms of reproductive assistance is that of surrogacy, or sometimes referred to as “contract motherhood”. With all the new developments and technologies this may be one of the least used forms assisted reproduction but none the less raises many ethical questions. Women who use surrogate mothering may can include those who are able to produce their own eggs but may be unable to carry a fetus to terms due to medical reasons or an unwillingness to interrupt a budding career. This practice is somewhat of a contract with a third party (woman), usually by couples, to carry the fetus created from the sperm of the male partner. Once the child is born, the surrogate would give up