Out of the massive contributions made to developmental psychology, no psychologist had made a more significant contribution than Erik Erikson. As a young man, Erikson was highly influenced by the Freud family and their school of thought. However, Erikson disagreed with the Freudian concept of psychosexual stages, the idea that humans undergo stages of development and resolve basic conflicts by physical and pleasurable gratification (Santrock, 22). “According to Freud, the primary motivation for human behavior is sexual in nature according to Erikson, it is social and reflects a desire to affiliate with other people,” (Santrock, 23). Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory is a well rounded view of life- span development, it incorporates important
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The third stage is known as initiative versus guilt, which occurs from ages 3- 6, in this stage the child uses their newfound independence to cultivate his or her self efficacy and if the child is discouraged from doing so he or she may develop guilt about taking initiative. The fourth stage, industry versus inferiority, occurs between ages 6-11, when the child experiences elementary school, during this stage the child either masters their curriculum and develop their talents or develops inferiority and insecurity about their intellect and abilities. The fifth stage, also known as adolescence ages 12-19, is called identity versus identity confusion. During this stage the teenager struggles to find their own path in life and if successful they develop a heathy successful identity and if not the individual remains confused about who he or she may be and their place in life.
The sixth stage, occurs during late 20’s to early 30’s, and is known as intimacy versus isolation. During this stage the individual is faced with the decision to develop intimate relationships and develop families or to isolate themselves from intimate associations. The seventh stage, occurs during the early 40’s to early 50’s, is known as generativity