Early civilizations were the founders of many skills we use today to make our life easier than what it was in the past. The civilizations found everything from arts, literature, architecture, mathematics and craftsmanship with metal, wood, and stone. The Chinese, Egyptians, and Greeks made amazing achievements by discovering the basics of mathematics and science, and were clean, well defended, had good water supply, and were well connected with roads to other parts of their empire or kingdom. Chinese people were the ones who were using clocks at a very early date and in approximately the year 200 B.C. a Greek who lived in Egypt named Hiero of Alexandria designed a working steam turbine. Although, many of these civilizations were
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The roads provided for the land movement of armies, civilians, officials, and trade that went for years between the united cities. They also provided good communication throughout the cities. That is why the Roman Empire had great control over their land, the communication the roads gave them also gave them power. There was several kinds of Roman roads that ranged from small city roads to wide, long-scale highways. The long highways were built to connect cities, important towns, and military bases. These major roads were often, curved for drainage, metaled and stone-paved, and were surrounded by drainage ditches. The roads were also put along dirt that was accurately aligned. They sometimes made the roads go through hills, or built over rivers and ravines on bridgework.
At the peak of Rome's rise in power, no fewer than 29 great military highways came from the capital. Near the end to the Empire, 113 cities were brought together by 372 great roads. The total count of the was more than 400,000 km, of which over 80,500 km were made from stone. No less than 25,000 km of road are said to have been improved. The improvement have been made in Gaul and Britain. These magnificent roads have endured and survived for a whole millennia. In some parts of Europe the roads were overlaid by more modern roads.
Roman roads and bridges were known for lasting long. They were