Essay on Egyptian Hieroglyphs and Coptic

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Primary sources, such as archaeological sites, artifacts and written material from different historical periods gives one an insight into the lives and beliefs of the people and the culture responsible for creating those artifacts and shaping their lives. Ancient Egypt, with its treasure trove of excavated sites, the treasures of the tombs of the Pharoah’s, the vast collection of inscribed stones and detailed papyrus scrolls shows us the beliefs which informed ancient Egyptian culture.
After the advent of Christianity, Egypt became home to the Coptics and some of the most important icons and other artifacts of this religious denomination provide insights into the belief of this Christian religious sect. St Catherine's monastery in the
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The elaborate scroll and the presence of the several deities from the Egyptian pantheon reveal the importance of the scribe in the Egyptian administrative setup.
One of the most important elements of ancient Egypt that is seen in the scroll is the importance of the afterlife for Egyptians. The vast array of characters, the number of gods and goddesses, the solemnity of the whole exercise points out the fact that the Egyptians were staunch believers in the afterlife and their actions, especially relative to funerary practices reveals their religiosity as well as stress upon mortality.
The element of righteousness and its impact upon one's afterlife is one of the most important aspects of this scroll. The weighing scales and the feather and heart are symbolic, in the sense that the feather is symbolic of righteousness while the heart may be seen as a symbol of the dead person whose vices and virtues have to be weighed before the person can be awarded “eternal life.”
The importance of good deeds as a precursor for resurrection and also to enjoy a happy afterlife is understood from the presence of the “devourer” who is shown seated beside the scales in the scroll. The devourer was a mythical beast, half crocodile, half lion and half hippopotamus. While the beast is symptomatic of the importance of virtue in the life of the ancient Egyptian, it also reveals that these people knew animals such as crocodiles, lions and hippos and these

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