Effects of Communism on the United States Essay

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In 1947, the Truman Doctrine announced that the United States needs to take responsibility for defending people throughout the world from communist aggression. The battle between communism and capitalism affected Americans for decades. Known as the Cold War, this conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union, the two dominant world powers after World War II, never actually resulted in a battle. However, the tension itself led to a change in the social, political, and economic aspects of society in America. From the 1950s to the 1980s, the Red Scare, fear of communism, terrorized American citizens. The lookout for Soviet espionage began with Ethel and Julius Rosenberg in 1951 and paved the way for the Manhattan Project. During …show more content…
This affected citizens because it made them look like bad people even though they only attended the seminars or researched communism for the innocent reason of becoming more informed about the world around them.
Politically speaking, during this time many people lost trust in their government because either they did not accept the methods the government was using to deal with this problem or because they were put into a conflicting situation themselves. Many were called on to testify against friends or loved ones. Such was the case when Eisenhower was called on to testify against his Army colleague George C. Marshall. In some cases, if the person called on refuses to testify against the other, he or she could also be accused of being communist acceptors.
Joseph McCarthy is responsible for further dividing the country during this time. He accused Millard Tydings of being “soft on communism” which led to the mischance of him losing his seat in the Senate. This put a strain between McCarthy and Tydings followers. Following this ordeal, people decided to stay out of McCarthy’s way as he accused many Democrats and a few Republicans of being “communist sympathizers.” However, when McCarthy started to accuse Army men Eisenhower issued an order that precluded any member of his administration from testifying before McCarthy’s committee.

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