Essay about Effects of Child Socialization: Erikson and Bronfenbrenner

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Socialization occurs in any child’s life on a daily basis no matter where he or she lives or the places that he or she attends. Children are socialized by many people that they are surrounded by, including other children and adults that have various relations to them. Through knowing all of this one could come to the conclusion that socialization is an ongoing process throughout the lifespan. In order to fully understand the socialization of a child, observations have to be made and compared to different theories.
The observation recorded here will be compared to both Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological theory and Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Behavior. Bronfenbrenner speaks of a child’s socialization as an interaction of that child’s
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After an adult asked them to sit down they obeyed. The little girl then told the adult that she needed to go to the bathroom and they exited the room. Later, the little girl started running around the room and a child that looked about her age did the same. When told to stop they looked at the ground and frowned. The little girl started walking around and kicking the toys that were on the floor. After a while she began to play on the floor with other toys and complained to a nearby adult when another child was not sharing and took her toys from her. Whenever a child was eating food other than the kind she was eating, she wanted their type of food as well. These observations were made within the span of about a 2 hour period.
Throughout this two hour period this child appeared to move throughout Erikson’s different stages of socialization. During one point when the child was standing with the other child and pointing to colors on the wall she was acting within her microsystem interacting with her peers and seemed to be in the initiative vs. guilt stage (Berns 38). She and the other child had created a game per say out of pointing to the colors and talking about them. She was also acting within this stage when running around the room with the other child. She might have been guilty when corrected as observed by her frown and looking down at the ground. When she informed the adult of the need to

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