Driving under the Influence: The Effects on Crime and Society

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Driving Under the Influence:
The Effects on Crime and Society Over the past century driving under the influence has caused many problems for crime and society in the United States and all over the world. According to the state of Utah’s statute driving under the influence is defined as “a person operating a motor vehicle that has been drinking and has an increased amount of alcohol in their system that can show up on a blood test or a breath test of .08 or greater at the time of the test (Wormdahl, 2012).” However, in the state of Utah also includes being under the influence of any type of controlled substance that prevents the driver from being able to operate the vehicle properly (Wormdahl, 2012). In the United States the legal
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With the history that drinking and driving has had on the United States, in 2000 congress passed a legislation that would deny federal highway funds for states that did not enforce a blood alcohol limit at .08 percent (Horn, McCluskey, and Mittelhammer, 2014). In the United States, drinking and driving is one of the major causes of death. With that being said according to research conducted by Horn et al in 2006 drivers that had been drinking accounted for thirty-two percent of all car accident deaths, in addition to that the estimated cost of these traffic accidents cost more than fifty-one billion dollars. In a statistical summary out of the state of Washington, a study observed 117,651 stops and the y study the race, gender, age, time and the blood alcohol content of each driver. The highest race that was observed was Caucasians; they were stopped 94,326 out of the 117,651. The lowest number race that was observed was African Americans at 6,566 out of the 117,651. The highest gender that was studied was males at 92,265 with women only being observed 25,386 times. The highest percentage of motorist age that was reported was between thirty-one to forty years old. These people that were stopped were between the hours of 12:00am and 6am and the blood alcohol levels of motorist were between .08 and .16 (Horn, McCluskey, and Mittelhammer, 2014). There have been thoughts to raise or lower the minimum

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