Does Free Trade Retard or Improve Development in Developing Countries

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Introduction
The 19th century international system was a very significant era of the doctrine and practice of free trade. This key date in the 19th century was 1846, the year England repealed the corn law. The corn laws had protected British aristocrats and farmers from imported corn. Corn at this time was used to make bread. This dispute pitted industrialists and many workers against landowners and farmers. The industrialist wanted cheap corn so that the cost of bread would be lowered and they could reduce or reduce workers wages. This would give their products a competitive advantage in international markets over products from nations where the cost of food and wages were expensive. The workers in Britain also supported this law because
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Access to markets abroad facilitates larger economies of scale and specialisation, while access to low priced and more various inputs, including more efficient services, releases production possibilities. FDI has also become an crucial contributor to economic growth and export performance (for example foreign affiliate’s today account for 75% of China's trade). Openness for movement of people can contribute to the transfers of skills as well as reserves to less industrialized countries, especially bearing in mind the role of diaspora societies.
Increased Competition. Robert Solow has assisted in resolving the Schumpeter mystery by Pointing out that there are two components to production growth: technical change and efficiency change (Ten Raa and Mohnen, 2006). The Schumpeterian argument relates more to technical change (and capital) component of production improvement, while the neo-Classical case for improved competition relates more to efficiency change and labour component. Furthermore, the rents needed to fund technical change can likewise come from the effective protection of intellectual property rights. A recent OECD journal, “Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth (OECD, 2007. d), discovered that stronger competition has controlling effects on productivity in countries far away from technological edge, reflecting stronger incentives to embrace first-hand

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