Essay about Dishonor in Antigone and Chronicle of a Death Foretold

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The belief and concept of dishonor in the Greek and Colombian culture of ‘Antigone,’ by Sophocles, and ‘Chronicle of a Death Foretold,’ by Gabriel Garcia Marquez, is a deciding aspect that blinds characters moral values. It is evident that in both societies Greek and Colombian, a family or an individual without honor is an outcast to the community. As honor plays a drastic role in outlining the culture of the society. Therefore the belief that a perpetrator has brought dishonor upon the family, or community foreshadows punishment for the individual, often conveyed through death.
Sophocles provides a setting in his play, Antigone, where the honor code of rules and principles that govern the Greek community, are based upon Creon’s
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Antigone’s rebellious act to save her brothers honor, leads her ‘soul [to death]’ as it ‘[went] to help’ those who ‘died before,’ (559-560) her moral action is thus paralleled to the death of a tragic hero. In a similar way, the code of honor in the Colombian society revolves around a cultural aspect, this being marriage. In the setting of the novel virginyty as a tantamount to honor is an archetype associated with marriage, thus when this social moray is violated, dishonor falls upon the individual and family. In Chronicle of a Death Foretold, Angela Vicario fails to meet the norms of society and is returned home on her wedding night. However no one guesses Angela Vicario ‘wasn’t a Virgin’ (37) until the ‘linen sheet wit the ‘stain of honor’ (38) was presented symbolizing her rebellious act, for which Angela Vicario blames Santiago Nasar as responsible for the act. Given that family honor is put in a pedestal above anything, the influence of preserving Angela's dignity falls upon her twin brothers who look ‘like two children’ (55) and wear ‘dark wedding suits’ (15) which is ironic as it juxtaposes innocence with darkness,

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