Diabetes: An Overview Essay

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Diabetes: A Sugar Rush Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin. It is a lifelong illness that can affect both adults and children. It is considered to be one of the leading causes of deaths in the United States right after heart attacks and cancer (medicinenet). Due to the life threatening nature of diabetes, the necessity of controlling it is absolutely essential. Diabetes is a very serious disease with many life threatening consequences, but if it is taken care of properly, diabetics can live a normal life. There are about 23.6 million children and adults in the Unites States, or about 8% of the population, who have diabetes (diabetes). While an estimated 17.9 million have been diagnosed with …show more content…
Now, in a healthy person, the blood glucose level is regulated by several hormones, including insulin. Insulin is produced by the pancreas. The pancreas secretes other important enzymes that help to digest food. Insulin allows glucose to move from the blood into the liver, muscle, and fat cells, where it is used for fuel. In diabetes, glucose in the blood cannot move into cells, so it stays in the blood. This not only harms the cells that need the glucose for fuel, but also harms certain organs and tissues exposed to the high glucose levels. (emedicinehealth) Many types of diabetes exist. The most acknowledged are type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is where the body stops producing insulin or does not produce enough insulin to regulate blood glucose levels. Type 1 diabetes comprises about 10% of total cases in the United States (diabetes). It requires daily insulin treatment to sustain life. Also along with type 1 there is type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is less severe, but should not be overlooked. Type 2 diabetes happens when the pancreas cannot properly use insulin. When the pancreas secretes insulin the body is unable to use the insulin, sometimes called insulin resistance (emedicinehealth). The body tries to overcome this resistance by secreting more and more insulin. They develop type 2 diabetes when they do not continue to secrete enough insulin to cope with the higher demands (emedicinehealth). Type 2

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