Developmental Overview Essay

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All middle school students are at different developmental stages--some students have matured significantly, while others still have a long way to go. Hunt, Wiseman, and Bowden conclude that, in looking at attitudes and behaviors, some middle schoolers are “childlike,” while others are “deeply involved in the complex lifestyle characteristics of teenagers (1998, p. 57). They also establish that middle school students are in a time of “significant transition,” a time that some struggle with, while others thrive on this change. (Hunt, Wiseman, & Bowden, 1998, p. 60-61). The middle school age group is typically distinguished as children and teens ages 10 to 14. This age range was not distinguished until the 1980s (Hunt, Wiseman, & …show more content…
Additionally, we will present our assessment of two middle school students.
One of the most obvious markers of a middle school student is their change in physical development. Physical development, as defined by Anita Woolfolk, is “changes in body structure and function over time” (2010, p. 26). Middle school students possess great diversity in their bodies, both in outward physical size and shape, and in inner body functions. A major part of middle schooler’s physical development is puberty, “the physiological changes during adolescence that lead to the ability to reproduce” (Woolfolk, 2010, p. 78). For girls, puberty begins around age 10 to 11 and ends around age 15 to 16, while boys start puberty about two years after girls (Woolfolk, 2010, p. 79). On average, Currently, though, the transition into puberty is occurring early than it has in previous generations because nutrition and health care has improved (Hunt, Wiseman, & Bowden, 1998, p. 61). This early maturation often means good things for middle school boys, because they are considered to be more “manly,” based on height and body type (Hunt, Wiseman, & Bowden, 1998, p. 62). On the other hand, girls who mature early often put on weight sooner, are dissatisfied with appearance, and are often less accepted by peers (Hunt, Wiseman, & Bowden, 1998, p.

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