Development Of The Carol Essay

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The seasonal songs popular in western music, especially in conjunction with the Christmas season, known as carols, have a rich and complex history full of tradition and controversy in the realms of both sacred and secular music.
     The concept of singing carols to celebrate holidays developed during the 13th century in France, although what was to be known as carol music had been around from centuries earlier. It is believed that when troubadour Saint Francis of Assisi had made the first Greccio crib, he began to sing songs honoring the Nativity and the joy of celebration in religion, for this was a strict Puritanical era wherein communal singing, drama, and any type of festivity was looked down upon in the
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Carols like "The Cherry Tree Carol", and "The Carnal and the Crane" were written in this style, in which their main purpose is to retell a popular, often Biblical, story. The people of this time had grown to think vividly of Bible stories, and this narrative style employed in the ballad carols kept their interest.
     Other important forms of the carol that developed during the 15th century were the carol par excellence and the macaronic carol. The carol par excellence flourished between 1430 and 1460, and was verse written in a lilting rhythm solely for the purpose of singing, rather than to tell a story or add to drama like most previous carols. It consisted of both a verse and a refrain. The macaronic carol took Latin text form well-known office hymns and interspersed catchy phrases in the vernacular such as "Make we joy" throughout the piece. The familiarity of the text appealed to anyone that attended church, which was almost everyone in living in Western Europe at this time.
     Almost all of these early carols were written in the common Latin metre of eight syllables per line, known as a one-rime iambic tercet, plus a refrain. This is evident with the exception of a few extra syllables in "The First Nowell."
But as the carols progressed and flourished throughout the 16th century, the ordinary ballad metre and common time

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