Developing Tibet Essay

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Developing Tibet

Since the communist takeover in 1951, China has directed tremendous amounts of policy towards improving Tibet’s economy, and assimilating the region into the Chinese Han culture. China has attempted to move Tibet from a primitive self-sufficient society, to a modern, agricultural, and industrial Chinese society. Before the communists entered the region, Tibet was a deeply religious society of mainly nomads where animal husbandry and agriculture formed the basis of the economy. The Buddhist faith was the foundation of society, which preached the concept of not concerning one’s self with material wealth. A constant search for inner peace, and spiritual fulfillment were the aspirations of most Tibetans in society, and
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Economically speaking, Tibetan herder’s formed the basis of the society. They produced by using nature, very primitive tools, and the wide open pastures of Tibet:

The characteristics of the mode of production in traditional Tibetan pastoral communal society were that it developed and utilized the forces of nature under conditions of extremely low-standard productive forces within individual households isolated from society, employing simple tools and animal power, and using the pastures and manpower as the basic means of production. (Ga, 45)

There were no large scale operations. Each family engaged in providing for themselves through these simple means of production. The families had very loose ties with each other in the community, and each community had even less contact with each other. The traditional Tibetan mode of production was perhaps the most primitive of it’s time, and I believe that the Buddhist religion and the lack of trade were the main causes.

With the Buddhist faith at its base, Tibetan society was resistant to any change in this mode of producing. Religion “made them [the Tibetans] place their hopes in ‘the world to come,’ sapped their fighting spirit, inculcated an attitude of resistance to advanced scientific knowledge and technology, and thus hindered the development of

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