Cultural Performance Society has been long identified primarily with the exploration of relationships and interdependencies among specialized institutions and aspects of communal life, such as the economy, the State, the family, and religion. The oldest sub fields in the “discipline of sociology are those that concentrate on social phenomena that have not previously been adopted as objects of study by other of the social sciences.” 0 These include marriage and the family, social inequality and social stratification, ethnic relations, “deviant” behavior, urban communities, and complex or formal organizations. Sub fields of more recent origin examine the social aspects of gerontology and the sociology of sex and gender roles. Because
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In application of this observation, we learn that many sociologists have attempted to dissect culture. After a lengthy period of field experiences, statistical studies, and conceptual reasoning, one of the prominent studies in this field- by Geert Hofstede- have led us to believe that all societies seem to share a set of common problems. These conflicts correspond to one’s relation with authority, one’s conception of his own self, his conception of femininity and masculinity, and finally, the ways people deal with conflicts existing within themselves or shared with their environment. Relatively, Hofstede concluded that culture is to be divided into four dimensions, power distance, collectivism vs. individualism, femininity vs. masculinity, and uncertainty avoidance.
In this research, we wish to concentrate on a dimension of most interest to us, individualism. It is a “doctrine promulgated by such theorists as the English philosopher Thomas Hobbes and the Scottish economist Adam Smith, that explains how society is an artificial device, existing only for the sake of its members as individuals, and properly judged only according to criteria established by them as individuals.” 0 An individualist does not necessarily subscribe to the doctrine of egoism, which regards self-interest as the only logical human motivation. He may instead be guided, in political and economic thinking, by unselfish motives, rendering a high value to