Cubism Essay

596 Words 3 Pages
Cubism is an art period that followed after the art period Fauvism.
Cubism is one of the most influential art movements of the twentieth century. It was begun by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, by
Cezanne's influence in 1907.

The leading artists in the cubist period were Pablo Picasso, Georges
Brack, Paul Cezanne, Jean Metzinger, Fernand Leger, Juan Gris, Marcel
Duchamp, Robert Delaunay, Albert Gleizes and Matisse. These artists all contributed to the cubist art movement in their own individual way. Cubism sprung from a comment made by French Painter Paul Cezanne.
Cezanne claimed "All nature is made up of the cone, the cylinder and the sphere". Cubists liked this idea. So therefore they decided to focus on the forms
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Also artists simplified what they saw and what they were illustrating in geometrical forms and cylindrical forms. The main shapes and forms they used overall were cones, cubes and spheres. They pictured the world as a jigsaw of geometric shapes and combined these together to create their artworks. The colours cubists used varied. Early cubists used mainly greys, browns, greens and yellows, - sombre tones. The sombre tones in the cubist artworks did not last for long. After 1914, cubists started to use brighter colours and hues to depict their artworks. An example of this is
Marcel Duchamp's "Nude Descending a Staircase No 2", 1912, oil on canvas and Jean Metzinger's, "The Cat", 1915, oil on canvas. Marcel
Duchamp's artwork which was created during the earlier period of cubism is made up of sombre tones such as browns, cremes, and yellows, while Jean Metzinger's artwork which was created during the later period of cubism displays bright hues of green, red, and blue.

Many cubists chose to paint modern subjects, such as engineering, aerodynamics and the architectural features of towns and cities.
Others used the new style to show traditional themes in a revolutionary way, for example scenes and images of landscapes which would be more typically impressionistic artworks, were displayed in a cubist style. An example of this is Paul Cezannes's "Lake at Annecy",
1896, oil on canvas.


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