Creationism, Evolutionists Among Other Theories Essay example

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1. Young Earth creationism
Young Earth creationists believe that Earth and everything on it was created by God between 5700 and 10000 years ago (Numbers, 2006). They believe in a literal interpretation of the Bible in terms of the age of the earth. They differ from old earth creationists who interpret Genesis metaphorically and believe that the Earth is 13.798 +- 0.037 old (Scott, 2000). Young earth creationists also interpret the passages in the bible of the flat Earth literally. They reject modern astronomy, physics, the big bang theory, the age of Earth and chemistry. They also reject biological modifications that happened throughout history. Young Earth creationists believe that God created every genetic variation in all living
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They argue that the universe is homogenous in time (Gold & Gold, 1948). Harlow Shapely used globular clusters in the early 20th century and proved that we were not the center of our galaxy.

3. Evolutionism
Evolution is a belief that over time organisms increases in complicity through evolution (Kirkpatrick et al., 1985).
• Micro evolution – the change in allele frequencies occurring in a population. The change occurs because of four different types of processes: gene flow, genetic drift, mutation and selection both natural and artificial. According to evolutionists macro and micro evolution describes identical processes, but on different time scales (Futuyma, 1998).
Mutation – Changes in DNA sequences of the genome of a cell and is caused by viruses, radiation, mutagenic chemicals, transposons and errors in DNA replication (Bertram, 2000).
Selection – a process where certain heritable traits that allows the organism to survive successfully becomes more common in generations (Darwin, 1859).
Gene flow – Where genes exchange between populations that are the same species (Carrie & Loren, 2004)
• Macro Evolution – An evolution on a scale of gene pools that is separated (Matzke & Gross, 2006). It focuses more on the occurrence above the level of species (Dobzhansky, 1937). Patterns that drive the processes that can be classified as macroevolution are patterns like paleontology, comparative genomics and evolutionary

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