Coronary Heart Disease
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is caused the build up of fatty deposits in the arteries, which can cause clogging and lead to restricted blood flow, which will damage the heart. CHD is the number one killer in the United Kingdom1. In 1991 alone, it caused the death of around 171,000 people, a quarter of who were still under the age of 651. Another problem is that this disease has not shown any signs of it decreasing amongst the population.
There are 5 main risk factors1 which can contribute towards CHD which are: 1. Hypertension
4. High cholesterol
5. Family history of heart disease.
Other minor risk factors include lack of
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The second major cause is smoking, which can not only lead to CHD, but a variety of other diseases and cancers, especially lung cancer4. Smoking has many ill-effects on the body. One of the greatest of these threats is atherosclerosis. This is the build up of fatty substances in the arteries and can lead to great damage to the walls of the blood vessels6. Smoking also contributes to many other diseases and illnesses such as cancers and breathing difficulties4. Because the cigarette industry is such big business in the country and smoking being very common, there are a great deal of things the government are able to do in order to discourage people from smoking and promote a healthier lifestyle. One thing that could be introduced, which is already beginning to be put into action, is the banning of smoking in public places so that not only will the public be cutting down on the amount they smoke, but also the incidence of passive smoking will be greatly reduced. In order to dissuade people from smoking, the tax could be increased on packs of cigarettes, making them more expensive. These schemes are mainly aimed at smokers themselves, but not at the non-smokers and those who aren't fully aware of the full extent that smoking can affect the body to.