Contributions of Marcus Garvey and W.E.B. Du Bois to the Civil Rights Movement

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Contributions of Marcus Garvey and W.E.B. Du Bois to the Civil Rights Movement

Equality for African-Americans! Before Martin Luther King Jr. dreamed of it, Marcus Garvey and W.E.B. Du Bois fought for it. In the 1920’s, blacks and whites were still greatly separated both physically and mentally. Equal rights were strongly sought after by many people in various ways. The most effective of those methods came from two highly influential men: Garvey and Du Bois. After the push by Booker T. Washington, the most respected black man in America at that time, to accept being subhuman and not having rights, both men began campaigns to accomplish what they perceived Washington incapable of: civil rights. Although their methodology was sometimes
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For instance, if a black man in southern Alabama were to be assaulted by a white, the powerful African nation would come down on the United States. Pressure to punish the guilty would be exerted and, if nothing were done, perhaps actual violence between the two countries would ensue. For Garvey, physical power and influence was the key to gaining that which his people sought. Perhaps most notable for Garvey was his part in the development of the United Negro Improvement Association. This group was focused on "the establishment of a universal confraternity among the race; the development of independent Negro nations and communities; the establishment of a central nation for the race, and the setting up of educational institutions." Through this group, he was able to spread his ideas all over the world.

W.E.B. Du Bois was also disenchanted with Booker T. Washington’s idea of "accommodation and compromise" with whites. He also felt that Washington’s push for education was aimed in the wrong direction. This vocational training came at the expense of giving up higher learning and, ultimately, higher paying jobs. Du Bois supported education in arts and humanities. Because of his problem with Washington’s ideals, Du Bois rose up in order to attempt bringing his people together and gaining rights. Du Bois strove to bring about this equality for his people more subtly than his counterpart, Garvey. Rather than

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