What is constructivism?
Constructivism is a philosophy of learning that "refers to the idea that learners construct knowledge for themselves---each learner individually (and socially) constructs meaning---as he or she learns (Hein, 1991, p.1). In other words, "students construct their own knowledge based on their existing schemata and beliefs"(Airasian & Walsh, 1997, p.1) Constructivists deny the existence of one "true" body of knowledge that exists independently of the learners and espouse the idea that "there is no knowledge independent of the meaning attributed to experience (constructed) by the learner, or community of learners (Hein, 1991, p.1). Knowledge is "a personal and social construction of meaning out …show more content…
A second myth or misunderstanding is that "memorization and rote learning [are] useless" (Hein, 1991, p.3). Quite simply, there is certain knowledge that can not be received by the learner any other way. The instructor must be aware that "the right balance between the activities of constructing and receiving knowledge" is attained (Hein, 1991, p.3).
A third misconception about constructivism is that "learners are lonely voyagers"(Clements, 1997, p.2). "Students do not construct knowledge alone, even though each has to modify his or her own ways of