Confusianism and Ancient Chinese Culture: How it Shaped the China of Today

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It cannot be denied that a country’s philosophy plays a big part in its method, direction and time of progressing as a nation. It is important to note as well that these ideologies shaped not only countries as a whole, but also their citizens and their livelihoods.
The given principle holds true for the history of ancient China and its influence on the modern China we see today. Chan (1901) states in his book that Confucius (551-479 B.C.) can truly be said to have molded Chinese civilization in general [through his teachings and his ideologies]. While there are many textbooks today that explain the background of Confucianism, it is difficult to find one that definitively explains a particular aspect of its history: how it initially
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Smith (1961) further elaborates on this by explaining the relevance of the Oracle Bones to the present knowledge of the Shang Dynasty and its religious practices, particularly the elaborate funeral sites that denoted a system of religious and social customs. He states:
Given the link between the two [Oracle Bones and Religion], it was believed that the passing of a king meant the transition of that king to the realm of the primeval ancestor, which can be thought of as an "ascent" into the "heavens," though these words should be understood with caution. Additionally, the primeval ancestor was associated with guardianship and fecundity. (…) The ancestors and the primeval ancestor, therefore and in these ways, had an active interest in the lands they originally oversaw.
This explains that Confucius, in his time, was challenging a religion that allowed rulers to claim a right of worship through a lineage that was inaccessible to common people. He challenged the definition of nobility to be a matter of character, and not a matter of blood (Chan, 1901). At this time, there was a drastic difference between the life of royalty and the common folk, due to the predominant industry of agriculture in the ancient times. Given this, early ancient China may have failed to accept Confucianism due to the motives of the higher-ups to stay in power, if not through the difficult transition brought upon by two

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