Essay on Comparing the Aztecs and the Incas

3097 Words 13 Pages
The Aztecs and Incas were the two dominant new world societies which greeted and eventually succumbed to the Spanish conquistadors in the early 16th century. Since then, they have occupied some of the most curious comers of the western imagination. Purveyors of scholarly and popular culture render them in various disparate ways: as victims of European colonialism, incompetent militarists, heroic forbears, barbarians, or authentic practitioners of native utopias and cults. The Aztecs and Incas were two Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican civilizations that roamed the land of Latin America throughout 14th and 15th century. Aztec empire ruled much of what is now Mexico from 1428 till 1521, when the empire was conquered by Spaniards. Aztecs controlled …show more content…
At the end of the fifth cycle everything will be consumed by eternal darkness. The ultimate destruction of universe could not be prevented but could be delayed. Being relatable themselves as allies of the sun Aztecs thought that they lived in the center of universe. The earth was divided into four quadrants and the four quadrants met at the main temple (Templo Mayor) of Tenochtitlan, the Aztecs capital. This temple was also rendezvous point for the supernatural forces of the heaven, the earth and the underworld. The heaven is composed of thirteen ascending levels and the hell is composed of 9 descending levels. The Incan religion emphasizes on the arrangement of space into scared geography. One of the important aspects of this sacred geography was the concept of Hauca. Huaca was referred to any place person or thing with supernatural powers; nearly everything atypical was considered to be Hauca. In Inca world there were numerous Hauca and major ones defined the complexity of the sacred geographical space. Incas believed that Cuzco was the centre of universe and earth is divided into four quarters, whose divide line traversed at Cuzco. Incas believed that above the earth were the heavens, while underworld lay below. Similar to the earth, the heavens are divided into four quadrants separated by a giant cross. Incas agricultural and ceremonial calendars were outcomes of the movements of astronomical bodies through

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