Comparing Margaret Atwood's The Handmaid's Tale and Michael Radford's Film, 1984

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Margaret Atwood’s depiction of the future in The Handmaid's Tale is extremely bleak and forlorn; this oppressive atmosphere has been created by the development of an independent nation - Gilead - inside the U.S, which is governed by a totalitarian fundamentalist Christian sect. This dystopian text is the brainchild of a series of experimental social ideas which have given birth to a science-fiction novel, which satirises mainly the folly of human characteristics rather than the misuse of technology.
Another related text is 1984 the film which was directed by Michael Radford who also envisioned the future as being extremely dark and oppressive; as it depicted in his film adaptation of 1984 the novel, by George Orwell.
Several language
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Atwood uses flashbacks to create a "palimpsest" and compare the freedom of the past which is superimposed onto the oppression of the present. This is evident as Offred mentions that "doctors lived here once", referring to the town of Gilead which was formerly a town of intellectual institutions, which is ironic since there is no longer a promotion of higher thinking and individuality.

Although the government of Gilead has attempted abolishing language, they reinforce their laws by using phrases such as "Blessed are the silent" which supposedly comes form the Bible but is actually fabricated in order to fit seamlessly into the regime. This particular phrase probably refers to the government's aim of achieving discipline and conformity so that there is no rebellious behaviour which can challenge their authority.

During the 1980s, feminist movements were gaining momentum as women protested against demeaning pornography and sexual discrimination. The defeat of the constitutional amendment which provides equal rights for women, and the election of the conservative president Ronald Reagan, who actually opposed the amendment, may have inspired Atwood to write The Handmaid's Tale in order to address the issues of extreme feminism and the opposing fundamental conservatives, both of which had detrimental effects on the society of woman.

The subjugation of women was widespread in the

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