Despite the implementation of a certain code of conduct and belief system into most individual's everyday lives, the concept of ethics or moral philosophy remains a hazy area, left to be tackled by philosophers and exceptional theorists. The assessment of major ethical systems over the course of the semester has forced me to reevaluate the fundamentals of my own moral philosophy and reconsider the role of ethics as a more average field of thought than I had once considered. Included in the major ethical systems examined throughout the course were: Cultural Relativism, Religious Ethics, Ethical Egoism, Utilitarianism, Kant's Moral Absolutism, Social Contract, and Ethics of Virtue. The explication of these very different systems and their
…show more content…
In the text, a few of the six claims Rachels points out are: "1. Different societies have different moral codes, 2. The moral code of a society determines what is right within a society...3. There is no objective standard that can be used to judge one society's code better than another's..." (Rachels 18) and so on. Interestingly, opposite of what Protagoras concluded, it seems from the claims in the text that it is not necessarily true that a difference in customs means a difference in values. For example, the difference in the African customs and American customs for adolescent women doesn't mean that both cultures do not value the coming of age. According to Rachels, there are valuable things to learn from Cultural Relativism, despite the flaws in some of their arguments. For one, it is possible to learn that you should keep reevaluating your own values with the realization that they can change, and also to keep an open mind.
The Cultural Relativist point of view, in my opinion, has strengths and weaknesses that in my mind can be validated with my own beliefs. To me, the most ridiculous aspect of cultural relativism is the fact that it leaves you unable to critique your own society and the society of other cultures. I believe that there are many things that