Conceptual frameworks serve as guides allowing people to view complex organizations from different perspectives. Morgan (2006) presents nine frames in the form of metaphors: (a) Machines, (b) Organisms, (c) Brains, (d) Cultures, (e) Political Systems, (f) Psychic Prisons, (g) Flux and Transformation, and (h) Instruments of Domination. Bolman and Deal (2008) present four frames: (a) Structural, (b) Human Resource, (c) Political, and (d) Symbolic. No single framework can provide a complete picture of an organization, so using multiple frames provide a more complete organizational perspective. This paper describes three frames: Psychic Prisons, Political, and Organizations as Organisms; and uses a review of literature on commuter students
…show more content…
As a result, people may find it challenging to change their organizations (Morgan, 2006). Psychic Prisons is comprised of six constructs: (a) Favored Ways of Thinking, (b) the Patriarchal Family, (c) Death and Immortality, (d) Anxiety, (e) Dolls and Teddy Bears, and (f) Shadow and Archetype. This section discusses two of these constructs: Favored ways of Thinking and Shadow and Archetype.
In Favored Ways of Thinking, employees of successful organizations may not respond to change, which can lead to the organization’s failure. Dominating visions of the future can cause blind spots, or constraints that prevent people from acting in alternative ways to meet new challenges. Awareness of blind spots encourages people to question the principles on which they act (Morgan, 2006).
Within Shadows and Archetypes, Archetypes are patterns that structure thought and experiences into a universal meaning. Common themes generated by these patterns help people make sense of their experiences, and when used continuously, create shared understandings across the organization. Standards or assumptions are some types of understandings illustrating Archetypes (Morgan, 2006).
Psychic Prisons Illustrated The literature addressing commuter students’