Today, China and North Korea are two extremely powerful communist countries. However, communism was not always present. In fact, communism was a new political theory proposed and published on February 21st of 1848 by Karl Marx in his famous “Communist Manifesto.” In 1949, approximately one hundred years after the Communist Manifesto was written, Mao Zedong came into power and henceforth, adopted a form of communism. It was after World War II and the Chinese Civil War, that the Chinese Communists were able to overthrow Chiang Kai Shek and the Chinese Nationalist Party; hence, this new government swore to form a “brand new” China, which modeled and resembled closely to Marxism-Leninism. North Korea and China’s geography, mutual history, and
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Both China and North Korea piloted countless political experiments and resulted in various forms of communism with leaders that have differing philosophies. Though China and North Korea started practicing communism in a very similar manner, their roots began to stem and branch out in the 1970s, leading their “diverse political paths” to really take its toll.
China and Korea are quite similar in historical backgrounds from many aspects including Oriental Despotism, Buddhism, and Confucianism. They both had emperors that ruled the land until the late nineteenth century. However, this system of “emperor rule” was completely destroyed in Korea and was heavily undermined in China due to the foreign invasion by the Japanese. The results of the Japanese invasion heavily influenced both countries in many aspects. It is interesting that China and Korea utilized their historical roots and ideas of Marxism-Leninism to develop diverse and unique forms of communism. Due to the fact that these two countries shared an extensive history of centralized rule and collectivism, it not only made them vulnerable to communism, but also ensured them that when it came down to matters of local conditions, the regimes and societies would be very alike.
Although the Chinese Communist Party and the Korean Workers