Essay on College Sports - Women in Sports and Title IX

1932 Words 8 Pages
Women in Sports and Title IX

Since the 1972 conception of Title IX of the Education Amendments, the number of women participating in intercollegiate athletics has increased five-fold, from fewer than 30,000, to more 150,000 in 2001. However, more than 400 men’s athletics teams have been dismantled since Title IX, the law forbidding sex discrimination at institutions receiving federal funds, became law. Some would say this is due, in part, to Title IX enforcement standards like proportionality. Proportionality requires that an institution’s athletic population must be of an equal ratio to its general student body. Among some of the 400-plus teams dismantled by Title IX are several former Colorado State University teams including
…show more content…
Richard Epstein argues that “women no longer need Title IX to be heard loud and clear” thanks to changes in cultural and social norms (35). The final two approaches fall between the Title IX advocates and the Title IX opponents—the Title IX proportionality reformers and the Title IX enforcement reformers. Title IX proportionality reformers address the proportionality standards of Title IX, attacking “unfair” tests which demand quotas for female athletic participation. The NWCA also is one of the strongest forces in this camp along with some coaches, athletic directors, and once again, adversely affected former male athletes. Ruth Conniff includes, in this approach, “girls of the post-Title IX generation, who feel pangs of guilt when Title IX is blamed for the elimination of men’s sports” (22). The Title IX enforcement reformers argue that universities need more meaningful ways to show compliance than proportionality such as surveys of interest. This group is composed of some athletic directors, coaches, and former male athletes.

Title IX advocates refuse to give any ground when questions arise about what to do with Title IX. Doing so, they believe, could unravel the years of forward progress towards women’s equality which Title IX has accomplished in its 31-year history. Title IX advocates value equality which they designate

Related Documents