Classical Theorists Essay

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The dominant voice in sociology is white, heterosexual and male. This is certainly true of the “Classical” theorists and forefathers Georg Simmel and Max Weber. Over the years Sociology has recognized different voices in the tradition, opening the doors for feminist theory and theorists such as Candace West, Don H. Zimmerman, Judith Butler, Patricia Hill Collins, Dorothy E. Smith, and Raewyn Connell. These sociologists attempt to offer a different standpoint from the dominant one, a standpoint that can find some of its roots in the works of the sociological forefathers. West and Zimmerman’s Doing Gender was a seminal sociological work. The authors asserted, “the essential male and female natures are an achieved status of objective …show more content…
Both articles examine status and socially constructed systems gender and fashion put in place to maintain status in society. Societal systems are present in other author’s feminist perspectives. Judith Butler’s Subversive Body Acts details the body as a boundary that is politically regulated (Kivisto 2011). The regulation deals with gender and is hierarchal. Hierarchy and regulation are characteristics of Weber’s Bureaucracy. The difference of course is Weber is explaining hierarchy and regulation in an organization, his analysis is on a grand scale and Butler’s body is more individualistic. Georg Simmel also offered ideals that have a similar essence of Butler’s body. The body is a boundary that encases the soul in Butler’s work (Kivisto 2011). Boundaries are also present in Simmel’s Stranger. Society constructs boundaries that in some ways imprison foreigners from gaining full access to a community. In both works, boundaries function to separate but they differ because the stranger has partial access, and the body is completely subjugated to the will of society (Kivisto 2011). According to Patricia Hill Collins, knowledge can also be subjugated. In Toward an Afrocentric Feminist Epistemology, Patricia Hill Collins details discussed the difference between knowledge and wisdom from a black feminist standpoint. She submits that what is defined as

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