China’s Two-Class System: Urban and Rural Essay

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Roots To fully understand what I argue as the class distinction of the rural and the urban it is important to look at the roots of this separation and the history from the initial separation to the present. By looking at the history as it relates to the separation, it can be deducted that the urban people benefit from the hindrance of the rural population; A clear sign of Marxian class-system. The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) took power in 1949. From this time forward the changes in regional inequality match the phases of Chinese history remarkably well. The peaks of inequality in China have been associated with the Great Famine, the Cultural Revolution, and the current phase of openness and decentralization (Kanbur and Zhang …show more content…
Major changes in the lives of rural Chinese included the introduction of a mandatory process of agricultural collectivization. Private farming was prohibited, and those engaged in it were persecuted. Restrictions on rural people were enforced through public “struggle sessions”, and social pressure. During a “struggle session” the accused person was forced to admit to various crimes before a crowd of people who would verbally and physically abuse the victim until he or she confessed. This period was instrumental to class separation. “The distinct separation of the urban and rural is traced back to Mao Zedong’s initiative of the Great Leap Forward 1957–1961” (Peng 1987: 639-640). From this point forward the regional class system was born. The demographic consequences from the Great Leap Forward were severe. The bourgeoisie gained power and acceptance from the proletariat. Using demonstrations such as “struggle sessions” to promote their agenda. The gap between the classes fell during the recovery from the Great Famine, reaching a trough in 1967. This was a time for recovery. In reaction to the Great Famine, agriculture was once again given priority. The slogan “Yi Liang Wei Gang, Gang Ju Mu Zhang” [Grain must be taken to be the core; once it is grasped, everything falls into place] reflects

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