China: Liberal theory – pursuit of cooperation over competition
China’s peripheral diplomacy chapter from a book titled Chinese Foreign Policy: An Introduction, written by Marc Lanteigne, depicts China’s diplomacy in liberal thoughts that the fundamental objective of China’s involvement in East Asia bases on regional cooperation rather than competition. Liberalism, in a political context, is one of major international relations theory that aims for peace and cooperation in international arena. Lanteigne notes that peripheral diplomacy, which prioritised on relations with Asian neighbours via a series of foreign policy initiatives, started after the Tiananmen Incident of 1989 forwarded by Jiang Zemin. The inherent principle in liberal thought …show more content…
In the case of China’s relationship with South Korea, notwithstanding the fact that uncomfortable rubrics of its history of Koguryo dynasty and Beijing’s hesitant behaviour toward North Korea, South Korea was adept at making use of its middle power diplomacy in breaking the diplomatic logjam allowing China to join the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum (APEC) in 1991. China, being Korea’s biggest trading partner, recounts that such reciprocal relationship for mutual international benefits is argued to be underlined with liberal approaches.
Continually, liberal explanations are depicted throughout China’s diplomacy in North Korea and Southeast Asian nations as well. China strongly encouraged North Korea to emerge from its diplomatic isolation and tried to convince North Korea not to test its nuclear weapons. After its unsuccessful persuasion, China called for assistance from the United States and recognized the need