Characteristic of Organic Compounds Essay

1014 Words 5 Pages
What are organic compounds, you may ask? Well organic compounds are compounds that always contain carbon, or any compound that contains a carbon atom. But some describe organic compounds as any of a large class of chemical compounds in which one or more atoms of carbon are covalently linked to atoms of other elements, most commonly are hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen. But there are a few exceptions to this organic rule, which are carbon monoxide, carbonates, carbon dioxide, cyanides, cyanates, carbides, and thyocyanates, which are all considered inorganic. The term organic compound comes from the early notation that organic compounds could only be synthesized in living organisms through vis-vitalis (a life-force).
Furthermore, organic
…show more content…
The chemical reaction that breaks down the organic compounds is called Hydrolysis. Hydrolysis is chemical reaction in which the interaction of a compound with water results in the decomposition of that compound. It separates monomers by adding water, then which energy is released when bonds are broken. This chemical reaction occurs because of the breaking bonds of the monomers.
Carbohydrates
One of the main types of organic compound that is found is carbohydrates (also called saccharides). The name “carbohydrate” comes from the approximate composition: a ratio of 1 carbon to 2 hydrogen’s to 1 oxygen (CH2O). They are composed of rings of 5 or 6 carbons, with alchohol (-OH) groups attached, making most of the compounds to be water-soluble. Carbohydrates are made up of 3 elements; carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.

The buildup of carbohydrates:

Carbohydrates (sugars and starches) are organic molecules that supply energy for cell processes, form plant structures, short-term energy, and storage. Carbohydrates can exist as monosaccharide, disaccharides, or polysaccharides. An example of a monosaccharide is glucose which is one of the primary molecules which serve as energy sources for plants and animals. An example of disaccharides is sucrose that also provides energy to plants and animals. And lastly an example of polysaccharides is cellulose, which provides fiber for the human diet.
Proteins
The next organic compound is a

Related Documents