Causes of Brain Trauma and their Consequences Essay

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WOMEN`S UNIVERSITY IN AFRICA

Addressing gender disparity and fostering equity in University Education
Examine causes of brain trauma and their consequences.

Question: (A) Explain the causes of brain trauma and their consequences.

According to Gregory (2001) the brain is defined as the control centre for the most complex organ of the human body. Traumatic brain injury is defined as a result of the application of either external physical force or rapid acceleration/deceleration forces as alluded to by Mayo Clinic (2014). Brain trauma is also known as brain injury or traumatic brain injury and the terms will be used interchangeably in this paper. Several causes of brain trauma will be explained amongst them falls, accidents,
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Mild brain injuries can cause dysfunction for example vision impairment and severe damages which results in bleeding and at times lead to death. According to Gleitmen, Gross and Reisberg (2011) brain injury is mainly as a result of cerebral trauma due to a blow to the head, falls, explosions and vehicle and industrial accidents. Factors such as age, sex and vehicle accidents may increase the cases of brain injuries.

Corrigan (2014) reported that the major causes of traumatic head injuries were from falls and vehicle accidents. Gleitman, Gross and Reisberg (2011) posits that children and the elderly are prone to falls with males between 15 and 30 years being more likely to be involved in vehicle accidents which may cause brain injuries. The Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States: Emergency Department Visits, Hospitalizations and Deaths Report notes that falls are the leading causes of traumatic brain injury in children aged 0 to 4 years. Children may show the following symptoms: vomiting, headaches, crying and inability to be consoled and/or restlessness or irritability after an injury to the head.

Brain trauma can be caused by violence such as domestic violence, child abuse, and gunshot wounds among other violent forms. While adults may suffer from brain trauma when violence erupts children are often caught up and are at risk of being injured, (Corrigan 2014). In

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