Essay about Causes and Risks Factors of Osteoporosis

2013 Words 9 Pages
Introduction: What is Aging?
According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), aging is a reflection of any and all changes that occur to a person during their lifetime. The rate of aging is largely depended on a persons lifestyle, choices, and genetic makeup. These lifestyle choices include but are not limited to eating habits, how active a person is, and smoking. There are many diseases and disorders that are attributed to aging, and they can negatively affect a person’s outwardly physical features as well as their internal body systems and processes. Some lead to death directly and others are a gateway to a terminal disease. One of those diseases is Osteoporosis which is a bone disease that affects or will affect 40 million people
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In severe cases, even a sneeze can do some damage. The Spine Center at New York University, states that osteoporosis can be classified as either primary or secondary. Primary Osteoporosis is when a person has detected bone loss that can not be connected to any other disease and has no direct cause; and Secondary Osteoporosis is when a person has bone loss that can be traced back to another source, for example, medication or another disorder. As noted by WebMD, Secondary Osteoporosis can be brought on by leukemia, hyperthyroidism, as well as corticosteroids. Some treatment regimens can also bring about Secondary Osteoporosis; for example aromatase inhibitors that are used to treat breast cancer have been know to cause bone thinning in patients.

Diagnosis Osteoporosis is hard to detect simply because a person cannot feel their bones getting weaker and losing density. As stated previously, broken and fractured bones are often found in conjunction with Osteoporosis. Often times the doctor visits to treat the fractured bone is when a person gets diagnosed with Osteoporosis. The most common bones that are weakened by Osteoporosis and broken or fractured by a fall are the wrist, spine, and hip. Even though it is difficult to detect, there are some signs and symptoms to look out for according to the National Osteoporosis Foundation. These signs include

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