Why did the Spanish Civil War Break Out in 1936?
The Spanish Civil War broke out in 1936 due to economic differences leading to divisions and a lack of understanding causing people to desire change and therefore turning to extremist parties, religious conflicts and differences again dividing Spaniards, the role of the military becoming a radical anti-republic movement due to their desire to squash unconventional change with persistent action, and also politically due to the failure of Primo De Rivera’s rule and the weaknesses in the following governments, a constantly changing governing body and consequently the reforms they put into place. Although most historians agree that the Spanish Civil War did in fact break out in 1936 it is
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The failed republic of 1931 was down to the structural weaknesses of the coalition, the lack of planning of reforms and the crude repression of strikes and protests. The 1931 coalition between the very different liberal republicans, PSOE, CNT and other Socialists led to grave differing goals between the parties which meant that decisions were hard to establish and also, to try and satisfy each member of the coalition compromises had to be made which meant that any decided decisions were half-hearted and not fully supported by the very government instigating them. It was this inability to make effective decisions which led to the failure of the majority of the 1931 republic’s reforms, especially the land reforms which failed due to the poorly written laws which lost the republic their most prominent supporters, the middle-class land owners. The final reason for the failing of the 1931 republic and therefore leading to the start of political unrest in Spain, so consequentially, leading to the beginning of the 1936 civil war was the crudely executed repression of strikes and protests in response to the failing church, state and military reforms. The uprising of Casa Viejas in 1933 received extremely harsh treatment, with 14 trial-less executions. Another way in which the republic failed to gain support from people was in the response to the August 1932