Testosterone is responsible for a males physical and emotional maturity, it regulates sperm growth, cognitive abilities, aggression, and sexual arousal among many things. Muscle development is by far the most adhered topic though when it comes to testosterone. Synthetic testosterone, known as anabolic steroids, has a bad connotation given to it when discussed. Since its discovery in 1935, synthetic productions of this male hormone have been advanced and used by all ages and genders. The methods and treatments of anabolic steroids though are administered for uses other than aiding bodybuilders and athletes.
As stated in the introduction paragraph, synthetic testosterone began its development in 1935, stemming from the
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This process of muscle development synthetically is referred to as protein synthesis. Protein synthesis is what stimulates your hormone receptors, telling your body that it needs to grow and increase insulin growth. An annual review of nutrition done by two researchers, Rooyackers and Sreekumaran, has shown that, “Protein synthesis is stimulated only in the presence of a high amino acid supply. A combination of the stress hormones (glucagon, glucocorticoids, and catecholamine) causes muscle catabolism, but the effects of the individual hormones on human muscle and their mechanisms of action remain to be clearly defined” (Rooyakers & Sreekumaran, 1997). Protein Synthesis is the result of anabolic hormones administrations. The American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism aided to this formation of protein synthesis by testing the variations of synthesis based on an individual’s anabolic response to administration. They studied development of models to predict anabolic response to testosterone administration in healthy young men. The ages of the men ranged from 18-35 who did not use anabolic agents or exercise for at least a year. Sixty-one healthy, young men were randomized and received five weekly doses of synthetic testosterone. At the end of the study, the men had increased lean muscle mass by sixty-six percent (LJW, 2003).
Athletes and bodybuilding abuse has lead to a certain connotation when discussing the muscle promoting