Black Colleges and Universities Essay example

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Black Colleges and Universities

Introduction

Tests measuring students’ achievement demonstrate that particular groups of students score far below students of other groups. Records indicate that the discrepancy in the academic dominance of certain groups over other groups is strongly associated with socio-economic status, with lower achieving students typically hailing from increased poverty-stricken backgrounds. While poverty is exclusive to no one particular ethnicity, it exists in disproportionately high rates among Hispanic and Black communities and their students. The root of this gap in educational achievement has been shown to be multi-faceted, with origins undoubtedly dating back centuries (EdSource, 2003).

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The nation’s 105 HBCUs are located in 20 states Washington, D.C., and the Virgin Islands, with most concentrated in the Southeastern states. These institutions include a variety of two and four-year, public and private colleges, located in both urban and rural areas. Other attributes that also vary greatly include size and admission selectivity (LaVeist, 2003).

While Historically Black Colleges and Universities were established specifically to serve Black students, these learning institutions offer opportunities and resources to all students, regardless of race. Young people trained at such institutions go on to serve both domestically and internationally in a multitude of professions as entrepreneurs and in both public and private sectors. Although they constitute only 3 percent of America’s 4,084 institutions of higher education, these institutions enroll 14 percent of all Black students in higher education. In 1999, HBCUs matriculated 24 percent of all Black students enrolled in four-year colleges (U.S. Dept. Ed., 2003). History

Historically Black Colleges and Universities have continued to evolve since their inception in the 19th century. These institutions were primarily founded to offer Blacks a set of educational opportunities relative to those stemming from the tremendous growth in American colleges and

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