Essay on Bipolar Disorder

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Bipolar is a mental illness, currently in the DSM-IV, and the main thing it affects is the mood. It is known for its range of depressive and manic episodes, like an up and down continuum, or a roller coaster or moods. There are two different categories of Bipolar disorder: Bipolar I, also known as manic-depression, and Bipolar II. It is an extremely common mental illness. According to WebMD, approximately 6 million people in the United States suffer from Bipolar disorder, about 2.5%. With numbers that high, it is likely that all of us has come across someone with Bipolar and may have not even known it. Bipolar does not discriminate against anyone, no matter ones race, gender, religion, sexual preference, weight, height, or socioeconomic …show more content…
These manic episodes can actually affect one’s life in a negative way. According to Smith, Segal, and Segal (2010), “During a manic episode, a person might impulsively quit a job, charge up huge amounts on credit cards, or feel rested after sleeping two hours. During a depressive episode, the same person might be too tired to get out of bed and full of self-loathing and hopelessness over being unemployed and in debt.” They also state that more often than not, depression is the major state of this disorder, rather than mania. A myth about bipolar disorder, as stated by Smith, Segal, and Segal (2010) is that it only affects one’s mood. “Bipolar disorder also affects your energy level, judgment, memory, concentration, appetite, sleep patterns, sex drive, and self-esteem.” It has been “linked to anxiety, substance abuse, and health problems such as diabetes, heart disease, migraines, and high blood pressure.” It seems that if someone decides to ignore their symptoms and not seek treatment, it can be extremely detrimental to their health. The depressive state of this disorder can get so bad, and lead one to harm themselves, or take it to the extreme and just end it all. “About 12% of manic-depressives commit suicide, almost always during the depressive stages of the illness,” according to Germain (2006). “Hippocrates thought mental illnesses were caused by physical disease or an imbalance of bodily fluids called "humours." During some historical periods, people with

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