Behaviorist Theory Essays

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Behaviorism used learning concentrates entirely on observing, measuring, and modifying behavior. Since Watson, Pavlov, and Skinner began this theory teacher can better discipline their students. Using operant conditioning teachers can use positive reinforcement to get all the students to behave during class. There are few drawbacks to this theory, but there are drawbacks to everything in life.
Behaviorist theory is that any and all behaviors can be learned, emotional or otherwise. This learning is founded on an impression that all behaviors are developed by the means of conditioning. The behaviorist theory has been affected by many important scientists. The main contributors to this theory are: John B. Watson, Ivan Pavlov, and B.F.
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Watson was greatly motivated by the groundbreaking analyses of Ivan P. Pavlov on his conditioning of animals. Watson recommended making psychology more scientific by using experiments intended to create considerable results. This theory led him to devise a stimulus-response theory of psychology. Walton believed that emotional reactions are learned in the same way other skills are learned (Behaviorism, n.d.). He based his work off of Ivan Pavlov’s experiments (Cooper, 2009). Watson’s biggest experiment is called Little Albert. He uses a conditioning experiment on a child by presenting a flurry white rat paired with a loud metal clang. He uses the child’s fear instinct and is now scared when he is presented with anything white and furry. This is after Pavlov’s classical conditioning theory.
Ivan Pavlov is a “Russian physiologist who discovered classical conditioning” (Cherry, 2011). Classical conditioning is a method used in behavioral training which “occurs through an associations between an environmental stimulus and a naturally occurring stimulus” (Cherry, 2011). Following that step, an impartial stimulus is paired with the instinctive stimulus. Ultimately, the impartial stimulus comes to arouse the response without the instinctive stimulus. The two components are then known as the conditioned stimulus and the conditioned response. This brings us to Pavlov's experiment with the dogs. He would ring a bell

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