Behaviorism and Fundamental Psychologists and Their Contributions

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Behaviorism and Fundamental Psychologists and Their Contributions

The study of Behaviorism dates can be traced back to the classical Greek philosophers, and goes into the nineteenth and twentieth-century psychology. Below is a list of fundamental psychologists and their contributions.

* Greeks Philosophers and psychologists have been intrigued with the human thought process for thousands of years, with one of the first being the Greek philosopher Aristotle. He presented some of the first operational methods in how human learning and memory are formed. He also emphasized the importance of mental imagery.

* Wundt William Wundt is considered the father of Psychology when he opened his laboratory in Leipzig,
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His techniques have been incorporated into today's research on cognitive processes. Wundt also emphasized the importance of replications, where the phenomenon in experiments would be tested under different conditions. Although Wundt's methods are similar to today's methods in cognitive research, he wrote that introspection could not investigate higher level mental processes such as thinking, language, and critical thinking. On a final note about Wundt and his colleagues, they subscribed to the school of structuralism, which was based on the belief that the goal of psychology is to analyze consciousness into basic elements and investigate how these elements relate. The end goal of structuralists was to identify and examine the fundamental components of living, like sensations, feelings and images--in a way, an early study of cognition.

* Ebbinghaus/Calkins

Hermann Ebbinghaus was another German psychologist that was around at the time of Wundt, but he decided not to subscribe to Wundt's philosophy of introspection. He devised his own methods for studying human memory where he devised over 2000 nonsense syllables and tested his own ability to learn these stimuli. He devised these nonsense syllables in order to prevent past experience/knowledge from interfering with the subjects' performance levels. Ebbinghaus also examined the factors that might influence

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