Behavior Modification (smoking Cessation) Essay

1478 Words 6 Pages
The health consequences of smoking have become evident since early 1960s and numerous techniques to help smokers to become nonsmokers have started to develop. "The Behavioral Aspects of Smoking", a report of the Surgeon General first published in 1979 talks in detail about methods aided to assist smokers in the process of cessation. Sometimes it is very hard to decide which intervention strategy is the best and most useful because they vary from gimmicks to formal programs and clinics.

The report is focused on the effort to define what strategy, method or program is the most effective in producing long-term and positive changes in smoking behavior. The first part of the report deals with the problem the reviewer has to face of
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In summary, a reader needs to be aware that self-reports may lead to an overestimation of the success, especially in situations when patients are under social pressure to quit smoking or need to report so. Thus, self-reporting is a low-cost, easy to obtain, dependable measure. In addition, the treatment evaluations must also include adequate follow-up pf participants. All treatments can show dramatic post-treatment effects, however, the rapid relapse with most participants is a norm with smoking issue .

The next section of the report deals with the general, nonspecific interventions. The first one is public health educational campaigns against cigarettes which have produced notable changes in public awareness about possible negative consequences of smoking. Warner, for example, has estimated that the effect of 1964 Surgeon General's Report on cigarette consumption seems to be small, but the cumulative effect or continuous publicity reduces the consumption by 30%.

Bernstein has commented that educational campaigns affect clinical activities more than smoking behavior. One example is the 5-Day Plan which involves five consecutive sessions on immediate cessation, dietary and attitudinal changes to reduce withdrawal effects. The results showed immediate 60 to 80 percent of abstinence rate, however within next three months almost 50% relapsed.

The following section is individual and

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