Essay on Bauhaus and Its Influence on Graphic Design

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Introduction

The Bauhaus was the most influential modernist art school of the 20th century as it laid many foundations for design theory and helped us understand the importance of art in relation to society and technology. Although the school was in operation only between 1919 and 1933, it was a major influence in the fields of architecture, graphic design, typography, industrial design and interior design long after it has closed.

Origin of Bauhaus

Technology and social change have long been vital in the evolution of graphic design and its importance in the society. In particular was the Industrial Revolution between 1760 and 1840, which brought about the transformation from agrarian to industrialized societies across Europe and
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In addition, the economies of scale worked against their goal of bringing good design to the masses. In its dissolution, however, it left behind a great legacy - the appreciation of the interrelation between design and quality of life - which eventually culminated in the foundation of Bauhaus movement.

The Bauhaus (1919-1933)

The Bauhaus, which literally means "house of building" in German, was founded in 1919 by architect Walter Gropius. The Bauhaus was very much shaped by the Arts and Crafts movement and it is based on the same philosophy that fine arts and practical crafts should unite and its purpose is to service the needs of people. The significance of mass production and its effects on design and aesthetics was a central idea for both movements, but this was also the main point of difference between the two. They both agreed that the industrialized production of goods had transformed the world but the Arts and Crafts movement was anti-industrial whereas the Bauhaus embraced it.

The key idea behind the Bauhaus was to produce good, utilitarian designs through the amalgamation of art, craft and technology. They believed in creating things where form is tied to function and any unnecessary decoration is abandoned. They also wanted to provide affordable yet artistic and useful design for every class of

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