Basic Teachings of the Great Philosophers Essay

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Basic Teachings of the Great Philosophers

VI. The Soul and Immortality

1. What is Aristotle's view?

Aristotle taught others that the soul is to be found wherever life is. Since signs of life are found in nature, the soul must be found throughout nature. He also believed that the human soul is higher than other beings because it has the ability to think in terms of concepts. He also stated that the soul of man has the power of reason. This reason perceives concepts just as the lower part of the soul perceives objects in the world. He believes there are only two types of reason. Creative reason and passive reason. Creative reason is a form and it existed before body and soul. Passive reason is passive and will perish when the body
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This soul was the basis for reason, imagination, understanding, memory, appetite, and will.

4. What's Locke's view of immortality?

Locke believed that the body was composed of both souls and the body. Souls, according to Locke, are spiritual substances with the power to perceive, will, and think. Man has arrived at the idea of the soul from combining various operations of the human mind. The soul is both passive and active. It is passive because bodies influence it so that it has ideas. It is active because it interacts with the body. The soul is immortal. It lives after death of the human body, and is a matter of faith. It is not anything of which we can have a clear or distinct idea. It is something above reason.

5. What's Kant's view of Reason?

Kant had a view that’s more practical then anyone else’s. He believed that understanding couldn’t know anything. It could only know something that is experienced. Reason can go beyond this and conceive a world of which we can have no actual experience. It transcends, rises above experiences and gives us transcendent principles. This reason has given man the idea that soul is the gathering together of all mental processes. There is value in thinking that an immortal soul exists even though we cannot prove its existence. The idea of the soul comes from moral law and is the basis for a moral life. The human soul

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