Essay on Bariatric Surgery
Two of the most common types of bariatric surgery performed today are gastric banding and sleeve gastrectomy. Gastric banding is a restrictive surgical procedure where two medical devices are implanted in the patient, a silicone band and an injection port. With Gastric banding, a silicone band is placed around the upper part of the stomach which molds the stomach into two connected chambers. The injection port is attached to the abdominal wall, underneath the skin. The port is connected to the band with soft, thin tubing. The band is adjustable. Adjustments are made by your healthcare professional using a needle to inject saline solution into your band through the port. Adding saline increases the amount of restriction provided by the band, helping patients feel fuller sooner and with less food.
Sleeve gastrectomy is also a restrictive bariatric surgery. During this procedure, the surgeon creates a small, sleeve-shaped stomach. It is larger than the stomach pouch created during Roux-en-Y bypass and is about the size of a banana. Sleeve gastrectomy is typically considered as a treatment option for bariatric surgery patients with a BMI of 60 or higher. It is often performed as