Bandura’s Social Learning Theory Essay

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How students perform in middle grade Mathematical and Science courses effects ultimately income after postsecondary careers. With Math and Science courses in grades 5-8 being such an integral part of academic performance, it is one of the least analyzed areas of research (Singh, Granville et al. 2002). This indicates why there seems to be a performance gap with students in these two core areas. Some of the areas where schools can help students perform better in Mathematics and Science courses are providing (a) academic engagement, (b) attitudes toward these subjects, and (c) importance of influence in future education and career possibilities (Ladson-Billings 1997; Singh, Granville et al. 2002; Reys, Reys et al. 2003; Neild, Balfanz et al. 2006).

Ladson-Billing (1997) see retention of Mathematics’ classes a tragedy; the United States students have far lower than other competing technological countries. He feels that one reason that Mathematical grades are low deal with a stigma of Math equaling “nerd-ness” thus not being synonymous with being part of their peers who they want assimilate to in middle and high schools. School systems moved towards standard base learning in the 1990’s forcing teaching to mimic each other using teacher-directed approaches while they learned using listening, drill, worksheet, assessment, and reinforcement or remediation. Ladson-Billing (1997) also observed
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