Arthur Miller's Purpose for Writing The Crucible Essay

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Parallels between Arthur Miller’s play, The Crucible, and his article Why I wrote the Crucible, can easily support Miller’s reasons for writing this classic play. Miller’s purpose in writing both the play and the article was to emphasize the similarities between the 1692 witch hunt and the 1950’s Red Scare. Miller simply wanted to convey the message of fear over reason, express himself in a new language of old English, to warn of mass hysteria, and most importantly compare his life in the 1950’s to the irrational trial in 1692. Miller’s reasons are numerous, and while they are all stated flat out in his article, they are also clearly stated and understood in the play. A major theme in both the article and the play is fear over reason. …show more content…
Miller says, “I was also drawn into writing The Crucible by the chance it gave me to use a new language” (Miller 4). Miller liked the challenge of writing a historical novel, in an unfamiliar accent as well as his goal of conveying the importance of the time frame and the themes he chose to write about. An example of this language would be at the end of the novel when Elizabeth is telling Hale she cannot save her husbands life, “He have his goodness now, God forbid I take it from him!” (Miller 145). This is an example of the old English. Today, we would not speak with that sentence structure or with words or phrases such as “he have his goodness…” Miller is able to convey his mood and message by using unique language throughout the novel. Miller is able to convey the affect of mass hysteria on large groups of people in his play, The Crucible. He states in his article, “Senator McCarthy…if you remember the fear he once spread” (Miller 1). McCarthy was able to spread fear and panic, because he was a great orator, and spoke with authority, he never faltered. Abigail Williams in the play is the same way, she speaks with great authority and is feared by most other characters. Mary Warren expresses her fear of going against Abby to Proctor, “I cannot charge murder on Abigail…She’ll kill me for sayin’ that!... I cannot, they’ll turn on me-…I cannot do it, I cannot!” (Miller 80). Due to mass hysteria, the little power these

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