What is applied anthropology and how can it be applied to almost every facet of society? The answer is obvious when we look at what the field of anthropology encompasses. Anthropology, as defined by the American Anthropological Association is, “the study of humans, past and present.” In the United States, anthropologists are educated in one of the four areas, sociocultural anthropology, biological/physical anthropology, archaeology, and linguistics. Active within these four subfields is Applied Anthropology, which is the application of the method and theory of an anthropological subfield to the analysis and solution of real world situations and practical problems. Anthropology’s field is the wide is the wide array of human social
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This program placed anthropologists and other social scientists within army teams in Iraq and Afghanistan. The anthropologists acted as cultural analysts for US forces. They gained were permitted to go into villages and cities and met with locals to talk about their feelings and perceptions about their culture. This information was then relayed to the military to gain a better understanding of the culture they were entering. The military claimed that their use of anthropologists and other social scientists in this operation were purely to get more information of the social landscape of these societies, since so little is known about Iraqi and Afghan women in contrast to the abundance of knowledge on then men.
The biological or physical branch of anthropology deals with human adaptation to a variety of environments and the biological and behavioral variation of human beings. Physical anthropology seeks to find how biology and culture work together to shape human growth and behavior. Their focal interests deal with evolution and variation. Within this branch of anthropology are also subfields which are Paleoanthropology, Primatology, Human behavioral ecology, Human biology, Bioarchaeology Paleopathology and Forensic anthropology. Although most of these subfields deal with human’s past there is one branch which a lot of times deals with fairly recent events.