Ancient Chinese Civilization, East Asia, and Spread of Buddhism

1923 Words 8 Pages
Today I will be discussing china’s classical age to 256 B.C.E, East Asia and the spread of Buddhism from 256 B.C.E. to 800 C.E., and continue East Asia ‘s history to 1400. China’s classical age consists of its emerging civilization, the early Zhou dynasty, the warring states period, Confucius and the several different schools of thought. From the period of 256 B.C.E and 800 C.E. China was expanded and Buddhism began to spread rapidly. It was also during this period that China shaped much of eastern Asian culture. During Eastern Asia’s period of 800 CA to 1400 CA was marked by the medieval Chinese economic revolution, Japans Heian period, Song dynasty and the Samurai and Kamakura Shogunate.
China emergence as a civilization is
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In logographic each word represented a single symbol. Although the Shang’s had knowledge of Phonetic writing it still continued to use the Logographic writing system. Metal working as in other early advanced civilizations were beautifully formed in a variety of shapes and sizes.
In 1050 B.C.E. the Zhou dynasty rebelled against the Shang and defeated them in battle and effectively ruling the Shang subjects. Using the book of documents they chronicled their conquest of the Shang and effectively established themselves as the rightful rulers. It is believed that early Zhou rulers used the mandate of heaven to maintain their so called rightful place as rulers as long as they did what was best for the people. The Zhou’s did not try to rule neighboring territories directly and preferred a more decentralized form of government. They accomplished this by setting up garrisons along their conquered territories and used relatives trusted subordinates to govern. This new form of government would eventually cause problems later .Under the Zhou dynasty Chinese society underwent drastic changes in social order. A hierarchy began to take shape and titles were awarded and inherited to their children. The book of songs was the earliest recorded collection of Chinese poems and reflected their culture. The warring states period lasted from 500 B.C.E. to 221 B.C.E. Due to the vast social and economic changes in China several new states began…

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