Analysis and Description of Nephrolithiasis Essay

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Kidneys play an important role in the unary tract. They are located on each side of the spine, just below the ribcage. Each kidney is connected to the bladder by ureters. The kidneys have many functions, but the most common functions are to clean waste, control chemicals, and regulate fluid in the body which makes up the urine. Urine collects in the kidney before entering the ureters and as time passes more materials are added. When calcium and oxalate or phosphates are combined in the kidney tiny stones are formed called nephrolithiasis, commonly known as kidney stones. These stones can be very painful and “increases risks for diabetes, high blood pressure, and osteoporosis” (Goldfarb, 2009). About ten percent of all people will …show more content…
Laboratory examination of a urine sample and an x-ray examination are needed for diagnosis. During the passage of a stone, urine almost always reveals blood. A number of x-ray tests are used to diagnose kidney stones. A series of x- rays taken after injecting iodine dye into a vein is usually a reliable way of seeing a stone. This procedure is called an intravenous pyelogram (IVP). “The dye "lights up" the urinary system as it travels. In the case of an obstruction, the dye will be stopped by the stone or will only be able to get past the stone at a slow trickle” (Ford- Martin, & Odle, 2005). An ultrasound can also be used to detect renal blockage. Recently, the use of computed tomography (CT) scans has been added to the diagnosis of some kidney stones, more as a follow-up after treatment to detect how fragile or intact a stone might be (Ford- Martin, & Odle, 2005). When a patient is passing a kidney stone, it is important that all urine is strained through a strainer to catch the stone. The stone can then be sent to a laboratory for analysis to determine the chemical composition. After the kidney stone has been passed, other tests are required to understand the underlying condition that may have caused the stone to form. Collecting urine for 24 hours, followed by careful analysis of its chemical makeup, can often determine the reason for stone

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