An Introduction to Evolution Essay

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An Introduction to Evolution

What is Evolution? Evolution is the process by which all living things have developed from primitive organisms through changes occurring over billions of years, a process that includes all animals and plants. Exactly how evolution occurs is still a matter of debate, but there are many different theories and that it occurs is a scientific fact. Biologists agree that all living things come through a long history of changes shaped by physical and chemical processes that are still taking place. It is possible that all organisms can be traced back to the origin of Life from one celled organims.

The most direct proof of evolution is the science of Paleontology, or the study of life in the past
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Extremely important was the realization that different layers of rock represented different time periods and that each layer had a distinctive set of fossils of life-forms that had lived in the past.

Lamarckism

Jean Baptiste Lamarck was one of several theorists who proposed an evolutionary theory based on the "use and disuse" of organs. Lamarck stated that an individual acquires traits during its lifetime and that such traits are in some way put into the hereditary material and passed to the next generation.
This was an attempt to explain how a species could change gradually over time.
According to Lamarck, giraffes, for example, have long necks because for many generations individual giraffes stretched to reach the uppermost leaves of trees, in each generation the giraffes added some length to their necks, and they passed this on to their offspring. New organs arise from new needs and develop in the extent that they are used, disuse of organs leads to their disappearance.
Later, the science of Genetics disproved Lamarck's theory, it was found that acquired traits cannot be inherited.

Malthus

Thomas Robert Malthus, an English clergyman, through his work An
Essay on the Principle of Population, had a great influence in directing naturalists toward a theory of natural selection. Malthus proposed that environmental factors such as famine and

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