Essay on America's Abortion Debate

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Abortion is one of the most controversial issues in the United States today. According to oxford dictionary, abortion is the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy, most often performed during the first 28 weeks. The two factions involved in this controversy are poles apart in their views on abortion: where as the pro-choice movement contends that a woman’s right to abortion is absolute, the pro-life movement asserts that a fetus’s right to life is indisputable. The argument has become very pronounced since the U.S Supreme Court ruling in the year 1973 in Roe V. Wade, which legalized abortion. According to the ruling, a woman’s right to abortion outweighed the rights of a nonviable fetus and prohibited the State interference. In …show more content…
The pro-life advocate appeals to “life” but does not abstain from “liberty”. She believes that all human liberty is at least limited by another human person’s right to life. For example, one has a right to freely pursue any goal one believes is consistent with one’s happiness, such as going to the cinema to watch a movie he likes so much. One has however, no right to freely pursue this goal at the expenses of another’s life or liberty, such as running over pedestrians with one’s car so that one can get to the theater on time. One question that is been asked by most pro-life advocates is “if really one has the right to do whatever he/she pleases to do with his/her body then why is this right imposed on abortion issue alone why is it not extended to the issue of drugs and others?” Pro-choicer has the belief that women have the right to choose to abort a baby from their womb. Their view is that a baby does not have human rights within the mother's womb. This allows a woman to choose whether or not to abort her baby and how to abort an unwanted child. Pro-choice abortion is supported by Planned Parenthood Federation of America (PPFA) “organizations providing leadership in making effective means of voluntary fertility regulation, including contraception, abortion etc.” (Par 1). Because most abortion-choice advocates do not see the status of the unborn as the decisive factor in whether abortion is

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