Alcoholism- How Alcohol Affects the Body and Mind Essay

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In chemistry terms, alcohol is any organic compound where a hydroxyl group (-OH) is bound to a carbon atom from an alkyl. A hydroxyl group is a group consisting of an oxygen and hydrogen atom, bonded by a covalent bond. A covalent bonded is when two non-metals are bonded together. The type of alcohol suitable for consumption is known an Ethanol. Ethanol is a straight-chain alcohol, and its molecular formula is C2H5OH. Ethanol is one of the oldest recreational drugs.

When a person drinks alcohol, it affects the central nervous system as a depressant, which causes a decrease in activity, anxiety, inhibitions and any underlying tension. Alcohol impairs concentration and judgment, even after only a few drinks. The intake of alcohol slows
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One is considered an alcoholic when he or she develops the following symptoms when they are not able to drink: anxiety, raised temperature, high blood pressure, seizures, nervousness, tremors, and in some cases, death.

Sometimes people can curb their addiction by control practices, and only drinking in moderation. If this method works, then the problem is solved. More often than not, however, people may need to cease drinking altogether cure their addiction. Alcoholism is a drug addiction, and may require controlled detoxification. Detoxification should be practiced in a setting where medicine can be administered, to help with the multitude of symptoms. The process usually takes around a week. After detoxification, it is important that medical tests are performed to check for blood clots and liver problems. Doctors also watch for DT’s (or Delirium tremens) which can appear around 72 hours after the last drink, in the form of hallucinations, sudden mental change, seizures and even death.

Fortunately, there are now medications to help prevent a relapse after such a violent treatment. Acamprosate, also known as Campral, is a drug that stabilizes the chemical balance in the brain that is disturbed by alcoholism. Doctors recommend that along with taking the drug regularly one should completely abstain from alcohol, and attend support groups. Disulfiram, another type of drug, uses a different method. This drug simple reacts poorly

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